Topping Oak Barrels February 24, 2016 08:04
Fill a barrel to the rim. You come back 3 weeks later and the wine level has gone down an inch below the rim.
A barrel does not stay full naturally. A barrel looses wine naturally. A little wine disappears every day. So an important ongoing cellar job is "topping" or refilling barrels back to the top. The goal is keep the barrel completely full so the wine is not exposed to excessive oxygen.
Where does all that wine go? The fanciful (and best) answer is the wine disappears because it is drunk by angels, the "Angels Share". Another answer: Barrels are oak. Oak has very fine pores, small enough not to leak. Porous enough to allow invisible evaporation.
Barrels are the best vessel for maturing wine because of this subtle movement though the wood. Some liquid leaves which concentrates flavors and a small amount of oxygen enters softening the tannins.
This barrel has just been topped.
Verticals February 1, 2016 10:00
A vertical is a group of the same wine from from consecutive vintages. An example of a vertical is 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 vintages of Syrah from the same winery & vineyard.
Many folks like aged wine, but some folks don't like aged wine. A good way to find out is to experience a vertical to see how a specific wine changes with time in the bottle.
Having a vertical is fun and interesting. When you taste through a vertical you discover both vintage differences and effects of age. If you are able, treat yourself to a vertical.
Verticals are rare. It requires forethought and many years to accumulate a batch of wines that qualify for a vertical. I am so fascinated with verticals that I try to share wines selected form my library with my club members though special offers.
My proudest vertical is the mega Cinsaut vertical featured in the Frick List Wine Club this month. Just seeing and reading the labels represents an amazing history.
Pruning January 26, 2016 17:53
Precise pruning is absolutely necessary in order to grow quality wines. To have a good harvest in September now is the time to set it up. Pruning is the most delightful of winter jobs. I love pruning because it focuses your attention to look and feel the vine and to make your cuts the best possible. This is all you think about. Pruning is a meditation. Time passes quickly without regard for anything else but the vine.
These vines are dormant. Most of that growth from last year needs to be cut away leaving the perfect number of buds to grow in spring. Leave to many buds and the crop is bad, take away to many buds and there will be very few grapes to harvest.
. The cut.
The final two buds on a spur
Most pruned canes are chopped and mulched into the soil. Some are saved for their buds to be used for grafting. A few bunches are stored by the grill for summer barbecues. In July it is delightful to enjoy a glass of cool counoise with juicy chicken grilled over counoise wood.
Shipping Wine in Winter January 12, 2016 12:43
When shipping in winter the goal is to avoid a frozen bottle of wine. Wine does not mind being cold. You may get some precipitation of tartrates. I have never found a wine to be wrecked by freezing. But when it freezes into ice problems can happen. Wine like any liquid expands as it freezes. Inside the bottle there is not a lot of room for expansion. This is not good for the package. Two things can happen. You may have simulated this by putting a bottle in your freezer to cool it down quickly and forgetting it.
Cork Push (This is a dramatic extreme example.)
- The cork gets pushed out. This is called "cork push"
- The bottle cracks.
The steps I take to safeguard shipments from winter weather extremes are:
- Package shipments in styrofoam. (See Nov 15, blog- Packaging for Wine Shipping. What is the best?)
- Closely monitor forecasts and time shipments for the best weather conditions.
- Institute a full shipping moratorium; save and hold shipments until spring or until the extreme cold front passes.
There is seldom an absolute shipping moratorium. It depends on timing and place. Weather in winter. January and February are the most brutal months in the north for cold. If you live in the north you know this. Just today the high in Mound Minnesota is 2 degrees F. But this is a big country with a lot of climate variation. The high in Miami is 68 degrees F.
Steely Images. Pictorial. A beautiful thing at Frick Winery December 15, 2015 19:03
Here are pictures of my tools. It is great working with these things. Please take a look.
grape hopper screw barrel washer
stemmer cowling reducer
screen stemmer screw
stemmer cage tank outlet
sight glass fitting clamp
tank valve punch
One of the reasons I love winemaking is the tools of the trade.
Packaging for Wine Shipping. What is the best? November 30, 2015 17:23
For shipping wine you start with a cardboard box that has inserts to protect bottles from breaking.
The three main options for the insert packaging are:
- Folded cardboard shapes to hold and cushion a bottle
- Paper pulp to cradle and insulate a bottle
- Styrofoam to cradle and insulate a bottle
For years I used the lay down paper pulp option because I hate styrofoam. Cardboard shapes offered zero insulation. Pulp served as a good padding material, but I questioned its level of insulation.
The reason I hate styofoam is that the environment is a big issue for me. Recently because of serious concerns with protecting wine shipments from temperature extremes I started using styrofoam thinking this offered the best for insulation. This was just an educated guess that styrofoam was best and I needed to verify this.
I set up a test. Paper pulp vs. styrofoam shippers.
I enclosed max/min thermometers inside each shipper type and set the shippers outside to expose them to night temperatures that dipped well below freezing.
Readings indicated that temperature inside the styrofoam shipper was significantly more stable and actually never went below freezing. Not so with the paper pulp.
Conclusion is that styofoam does offer superior insulation from temperature extremes both cold and heat. But I use it sparingly only when faced with the most extreme temperatures. Otherwise I prefer to use paper pulp padded layers. For the best conditions see P.S. below
P.S. Within California I am often able to ship full case orders in regular wine cases because temperatures are moderate and transit time it short. This significantly cuts down on the amount of packaging and the entire package is recyclable.
The insert notice for shipments that require extra protection:
ABOUT THIS WINE SHIPPER I hate Styrofoam. So only after much consideration & testing did I settle on this package.The environment and convenience are important issues for me. But my ultimate concern is the protection of your wine during transit.
The value of styrofoam is that it offers the very best insulation and padding of shipping materials available. My goal is for your precious, delicate wine to arrive in great shape by being shielded from the elements and breakage to the greatest degree possible. Cheers to taking care of good wine. Bill Frick
What's the Deal with One Cent Shipping November 22, 2015 12:00California ABC (Alcoholic Beverage Control) prohibits giving gifts and giving away anything for free. Free shipping violates this regulation.
Fall at Frick November 12, 2015 14:46
Bright sunny days and cold nights bring on the bright colors of this season.
Frick Estate Owl Hill Vineyard.
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